Tuberculosis (TB)

affects the lungs, though it can affect any organ in the body. It Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually can develop when bacteria spread through droplets in the air. TB can be fatal, but in many cases, it is preventable and treatable

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB)

affects the lungs, though it can affect any organ in the body. It Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually can develop when bacteria spread through droplets in the air. TB can be fatal, but in many cases, it is preventable and treatable

In the past, TB, or “consumption,” was a major cause of death around the world. Following improvements in living conditions and the development of antibiotics, the prevalence of TB fell dramatically in industrialized countries.

Causes

M. tuberculosis bacteria cause TB. They can spread through the air in droplets when a person with pulmonary TB coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks.

Only people with active TB can transmit the infection. However, most people with the disease can no longer transmit the bacteria after they have received appropriate treatment for at least 2 weeks.

 

Signs & Symptoms

 

Symptoms of TB disease depend on where in the body the TB bacteria are growing. TB bacteria usually grow in the lungs (pulmonary TB). TB disease in the lungs may cause symptoms such as

  • a bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
  • pain in the chest
  • coughing up blood or sputum (phlegm from deep inside the lungs)

Other symptoms of TB disease are

  • weakness or fatigue
  • weight loss
  • no appetite
  • chills
  • fever
  • sweating at night

Symptoms of TB disease in other parts of the body depend on the area affected.

People who have latent TB infection do not feel sick, do not have any symptoms, and cannot spread TB to others.

 

Diagnosis

if a person is found to be infected with TB bacteria, other tests are needed to see if the person has latent TB infection or TB disease.

A person with latent TB will have no symptoms, but the infection can show up on tests. People should ask for a TB test if they:

  • have spent time with a person who has or is at risk of TB
  • have spent time in a country with high rates of TB
  • work in an environment where TB may be present

A doctor will ask about any symptoms and the person’s medical history. They will also perform a physical examination, which involves listening to the lungs and checking for swelling in the lymph nodes.

Two tests can show whether TB bacteria are present:

  • the TB skin test
  • the TB blood test

However, these cannot indicate whether TB is active or latent. To test for active TB disease, the doctor may recommend a sputum test and a chest X-ray.

Everyone with TB needs treatment, regardless of whether the infection is active or latent.

Treatment                                                                                      

With early detection and appropriate antibiotics, TB is treatable.

The right type of antibiotic and length of treatment will depend on:

  • the person’s age and overall health
  • whether they have latent or active TB
  • the location of the infection
  • whether the strain of TB is drug resistant

Treatment for latent TB can vary. It may involve taking an antibiotic once a week for 12 weeks or every day for 9 months.

Treatment for active TB may involve taking several drugs for 6–9 months. When a person has a drug resistant strain of TB, the treatment will be more complex.

It is essential to complete the full course of treatment, even if symptoms go away. If a person stops taking their medication early, some bacteria can survive and become resistant to antibiotics. In this case, the person may go on to develop drug resistant TB.

Depending on the parts of the body that TB affects, a doctor may also prescribe corticosteroids.

 

                                                       

                                                                                        Pic : Amazon

Buy at Amazon:  https://amzn.to/2yb4Sxg

 

  • Ferrous sulfate 325mg tablets
  • 65mg of elemental iron
  • Film coated

 

Pros:

  • Easy to handle liquid
  • Reacts relatively quickly
  • Low product cost
  • Removes phosphorous

Cons

  • Does not work as well as other iron compound over long runs
  • Crystallizes cool temperature
  • Forms acids byproducts